What Is Modernization?

Modernization is the process of change in the sectors of the economy, politics and social systems. These changes reflects the movement of societies from a traditional stage to a more modern phase.

How does modernization occur?

Modernization occurs through:

1. Colonialism: this is an important reason for modernization. The Indian colonial master introduced the English language which was the first sign of modernization.

2. Migration: this is also a reason for modernization. This can especially be illustrated by the migration of Europeans to the colonies in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Aspects of modernization

The following points are the basic aspects of modernization:

1. The modern way of living: this happens when the old way of living changes into a modern way. Example replacement of mat with a dining table or replacement of pitcher with a water cooler.

2. Changes in residence: for the comfort of living, some people changed their residence from wooden huts to houses made with bricks.

3. Mass media: A communicate through narration has now being replaced by newspapers and internet.

4. Urbanization: The domestic migration to cities or urban areas from rural areas. Example: Just after the independence of Pakistan, 87% population was living in villages and 12% was in cities. But presently 68% lives rural ares and 32 % can be found in urban areas. This is one of the main characteristics of modernization.

5. Change of profession. In the beginning, the economy was agrarian in nature, but in due time industrialization occurred. This is another main feature of modernization: the rapid industrialization of societies.

6. literacy and education: a situation whereby the population literacy rates increase dramatically.

7. High per capital income: the significant rise of the per capital income is important due to the higher purchasing power of the people which will, in turn, boost significant economic growth.

Economic aspects of modernization

The economic aspect of modernization can be derived from the following points:

1. Money: this takes place when the barter system has now been replaced with paper money.

2. Wage system: this happens because in traditional societies wages were not connected to time whereas in modern societies wages became related to time.

3. Communication system: communication is compulsory for economic development. because communication is important for economic, social and political functioning.

4. Technology and its application: through modernization, the technology applied in daily lives of the people has replaced the old ways of doing things with manual/animal powert.

5. Preservation of food products: the storage of food and other products and the distribution of such items in a systematic way increases the consumption and production of food products..

Political modernization

Political modernization is regarded as the result of economic development and social mobilization.

Political modernization contains three elements:

1. Validation of authority

2. Development of political participation

3. Differentiation of structure

Characteristics of political modernization

The following are the most important characteristics of political modernization:

1. It increased the influence of a single Authority: with the process of political modernization, the influence of a single authority and its agencies increased and become widespread.

2. Variation of functions: political modernization has brought a clear picture of the differentiation function.

3. Ultimate power rest with the people: political modernization can be observed with the shifting of ultimate power to the people which occurred slowly and gradually.

4. Democratic values and principles become popular: Like Nelson Mandela said: one man, one vote and regular elections to clean up the political swamp.

5. Secularization of politics: the separation of religion and state.

6 Ways to Use the Web to Find People

Finding an old friend or work colleague you lost contact with may seem like a difficult process. But, there are many different useful tools and resources online that can give reliable results to reconnect. However, the ability to find someone is certain to be influenced by how active they are online. If they haven’t published much online or completely inactive on the social media platforms, the steps to find someone can be more complex and time-consuming.

Let’s take a look at a few of the options to use the web to find someone:

Use search engines

One of the most basic steps is simply to perform a search using your preferred search engine. In addition to using a variety of keyword combinations to find someone, you can also use other search methods, such as images, news, location, and phone numbers.

Family Tree

Sign up to one of the websites that give access to family trees. There are plenty of free sites that offer a surprising amount of information that can include phone numbers, birth dates and census records. This can be quite useful to increase the chance of finding someone.

People search engine

A further free option to locate a lost friend is the dedicated people search engines. They can give a wide range of information which is sourced from what is publicly available online. This is a very convenient option to quickly see what is already available in the public domain.

Also, the people search engines can gather other useful information such as census data, obituary notice and business phone numbers.

Social media

Similar to using the standard search engine, the social media platforms like Facebook will be one of the first places to start the search. They can make a very effective option to easily locate information about a person you have lost contact with.

Public Records

Searching the public records online can give a perfect opportunity to find vital genealogical and historical information about a person. If it isn’t possible to gather information online, there is usually enough there to put you in a good position to start a search at the local records office in person.

Obituaries and Death Notices

A further option is to search through the obituaries and death notices. However, obituaries aren’t the easiest to locate online because they are often published in state, city or local newspapers. This type of information is rarely kept up to date on a newspaper website, so it will be necessary to conduct a variety of searches online using different search queries and resources.